Can cooperation on REDD+ under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement start now, or is further guidance needed?

What can countries achieve now on REDD+ under the “cooperative approaches” envisaged under Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement? This paper was authored by Robert O’Sullivan for the Forest Solutions Dialogue led by Climate Advisers and the Environmental Defense Fund.

This paper analyses Article 5 and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement and examines whether current REDD+ decisions are sufficient to initiate the use of cooperative approaches under Article 6.2 for REDD+. The paper finds that cooperation on REDD+ can start now under Article 6.2, but additional guidance is needed on how to meet certain requirements to use internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (ITMOs). Such guidance, however, does not have to come from the UNFCCC. Parties cooperating under Article 6.2 can agree amongst themselves on detailed, REDD+ specific guidance and approaches, particularly with regard to environmental integrity and robust accounting requirements. Third-party standards for existing REDD+ could help inform such approaches and form a resource for countries.

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About the Forest Solutions Dialogue:

Responding to the call for enhanced cooperation to accelerate action on nature-based climate solutions (NBS), the Dialogue aims to develop models of cooperative approaches for forests under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement and provide participating countries with the technical and policy assistance to pursue such partnerships.

Cooperative approaches, such as those envisaged under Article 6.2 involving international transfer of mitigation outcomes, can help unlock the mitigation potential of forests and NBS – which can contribute 30% of the mitigation needed by 2030 to limit warming to two degrees Celsius.