In western Bahia, Agrícola Xingu owns several farms for the production of grains and cotton. Added together, the company’s cultivation areas between the municipalities of Correntina and São Desidério would cover an area of 67,900 hectares, according to a report published by the organization Global Witness . The expansion of the company’s activities in the region occurred, to a large extent, through the deforestation of native vegetation, according to information from the organization Chain Reaction Research . Between 2000 and 2017, the company would have deforested 32,100 hectares of Cerrado.
Located in the rural area of the municipality of Correntina, in western Bahia, the community of Capão do Modesto is at the center of a land conflict involving death threats, intimidation and destruction of community assets. On the other side of this dispute are companies producing soy, corn and cotton operating in Matopiba – the new Brazilian agricultural frontier in the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia and Tocantins. They claim ownership of an area occupied more than 300 years ago by residents of Capão do Modesto, according to members of the local community.